The image that we have of these Three Kings could come from a 6th century representation found in the church of Saint Apolinar Nuovo in Ravena, Italy.
Discover the strangest and most original Catalan Christmas Traditions: Caga Tio Lo que la prensa anglosajona piensa de nuestras tradiciones de navidad. There are quite a number of festivals and traditions in Catalonia (Spain). While most are of are a few local Christmas traditions; one of them is the popular figure of the Tió de Nadal. . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
The other famous figure of the Christmas season is Santa Claus. His arrival in Spain is more or less recent, although it is unknown exactly when. The image of this kindly old man dressed in red has its origins in the story of St.
Nicolas, a Turkish priest dedicated to the care of the sick and needy. According to the legend, St. Nicolas , having learned of the desperate situation of a poor widower and his three daughters, decided to sneak into their house during the night.
He left a handful of gold in the socks of each of the girls, which were drying over the fireplace for the night. Does this sound familiar? In Netherlands, strangely enough, St. Nicolas leaves from Spain to distribute his gifts.
Besides the Three Kings and Santa Claus, there are other figures distinct to different Spanish regions. Now we are going to tell you about a few of these.
They describe him as a kindly old man who loves to eat and smoke his pipe, although in recent times he has quit smoking so as not to set a bad example. It is said that he enters the rooms of the children, feels their tummies to see if they have eaten well, then leaves them piles of hazel and a gift. Many scholars believe that these characters could have their origins in the gods of ancient local cultures maybe even from the times before the arrival of the Romans in Spain. It is believed that these gods were transformed little by little by Christianity until they became the curious deliverers of happiness that we know today.
There are certainly many characters handing out Christmas gifts throughout Spain surely there are even some that we have not mentioned. Although the tradition says that in Sant Jordi the boyfriend has to give a rose to his girl and she has to give him a book, nowadays these papers are very diffused and it is usual to give books and roses to boyfriends, girlfriends, husbands, friends, relatives… and, of course, to oneself.
Beyond the romantic component, the Day of Sant Jordi is also a day to promote reading and to defend Catalan tradition and culture.
In this sense, during the day a large number of museums, institutions and other spaces held an open house day. In addition, there are castellers human tower shows and sardanas typical dance in different parts of the city.
The castles are impressive castle-shaped human towers with up to ten levels high. They rise from the ground thanks to the effort and skill of the castellers, groups of men and women of all ages that climb above each other challenging the laws of physics. Celebrations involving fire and powder are deeply attached to Catalonia. Among them are the correfocs, shows that include fire, music and dance in which the participants, dressed as devils, dragons and other beasts, parade and dance to the rhythm of the drums while throwing firecrackers and sparklers.
Sardana is the Catalan folk dance by excellence. It is danced in a group, with arms raised and with the participants holding hands forming a circle which can be divided into several if you add many people that moves to the sound of music that mark traditional instruments such as the flute and cobla. The typical costume of the sardana is shirt and trousers with colored sash, for men, and a skirt dress at knee level in the case of women.
They are cooked directly in the fire until the outer skin is roasted, remaining soft and tasty inside. Although in English-speaking countries the Halloween holiday is usually celebrated on 31 October, in Catalonia the most popular autumn festival is La Castanyada. During this festivity it is common to taste roasted chestnuts, moniatos, candied fruit and panellets, sweets that are made with a dough made with sugar, raw minced almonds, egg and potato or moniate.
During La Castanyada there are many shops and stalls throughout the city where you can find all these delicacies. During Christmas there is practically no town in Catalonia without a Christmas market.