Los retos de las infraestructuras del transporte en España (LIBROS SINGULARES) (Spanish Edition)


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Horizon en el sector dels transports 1. Salud 6. Espacio 1. Seguridad 1. Transporte incl. Aumento de la eficiencia horaria o temporal3. WP Opening the transport market. WP Rebalancing modes to fight capacityconstraints. Aninfrastructure gap in theenlarged EU Societas Herpetologica Italica. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina: Feral J. Indicators of marine and coastal biodiversity of the Mediterranean sea. Tunis , april Grattarola, A.

Spring migration of the Garder Warbler Sylvia borin across the Mediterranean. Grove A. An Ecological History. Jenni, L. Regulation of protein breakdown and adrenocortical response to stress in birds during migratory flights. Regulatory Integrative Comp. Science, Lillo F. Herpetozoa, Li Vigni, F. Aspetti generali e osservazioni su una popolazione siciliana. Reptilia n. Mascia F. Mitchell-Jones A. Notarbartolo di Sciara G. The Pelagos sanctuary for Mediterranean marine mammals.

Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems Pretto F. Reaser J. K, Meyerson L. Environmental Conservation, 34 2 : Richardson D. Spina F. Sposimo P. I Quaderni del parco, Docum. Parco Naz. Arcipelago Toscano: 33 — Arcipelago Toscano: 16 — Amori G. Porcellotti S. Stoch F. On-line version 2. REF code. Riqualification and restoration of the natural habitat of wetlands in Mare e Pauli e Sali Stagno di Cabras , ecological management and protection.

Comune di Cabras. Restoration project for environment and habitat in the coastal zone of Trapani and Marsala - Natural Reserve of Stagnone and Saline di Trapani - Paceco. Provincia di Trapani. Proposal for the introduction of a monitoring integrated programme for environmental resources in vulnerable areas NATURA Regione Sardegna. Comune di Cagliari. Urgent actions for the protection of the Sardinian steppic habitats. WWF Italia. Provincia di Oristano.

Capraia and other small islands of the Tuscan Archipelago : biological diversity conservation. Regione Toscana. Provincia di Nuoro. Reclamation and environmental remediation of the Capo Feto biotope. Comune di Lipari. Comune di Aglientu. Urgent conservation measures of Caretta caretta in the Pelagian Islands. Provincia di Agrigento. Conservation of Abies nebrodensis Lojac Mattei in situ and ex situ. Parco delle Madonie. Conservation and improvement of habitats inthe SPA of Vendicari. Azienda Regionale Foreste Demaniali. Reduction of the impact of human activity on Caretta and Tursiops and their conservation in Sicily.

Activities for the protection of cetaceans in the international sanctuary. Consorzio Mediterraneo s. Preservation and extension of priority habitats damaged from agriculture activity. Tuscan Islands : new actions towards sea birds and habitat. Tuscan Archipelago. Tartanet, a network for the conservation of sea turtles in Italy. Next of institution Marine Protected Areas. Law of reference. Maddalena Archipelago:.

Sardinia , Sassari. Tuscan Archipelago:. Tuscany , Livorno, Grosseto. Eolie Islands:. Sicily ,. Liguria ,. Pontine Islands: Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone. Latium ,. Campania , Naples. Regno di Nettuno or Flegree Islands :. The sudden influx, in ecological time, of non-native species has had profound consequences for island biodiversity.

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This software was written in Visual Basic, using a common database environment; it uses the SQL language to develop interrogation queries and has an easy interface with all GIS software. Most data is now available online throughout the Azorean Biodiversity Portal www.

Borges, P. A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. A list of the terrestrial fauna Mollusca and Arthropoda and flora Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta from the Azores. Both books have already become a key reference for Azorean and Madeira biodiversity research and it is an important tool for people working in the areas of taxonomy, ecology and nature conservation management;.

We are presently working on a second edition of the Azorean Book:. A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna from the Azores. All the previously existing protected areas of the Azores have been re-classified, according to the IUCN criteria. Maria Borges et al.

Based on these results, the Azorean Government was advised to create a new protected area in Pico Alto, and the area has since become a designated protected area using the IUCN Management Category System see above. Eighteen native forest fragments distributed across seven of the nine islands were sampled in this study see Gaspar et al During the summers of to , transects m long and 5 m wide were established in sites usually one transect per site.

All Araneae, Opilionida, Pseudoscorpionida, Myriapoda and Insecta excluding Diptera and Hymenoptera were assigned to morphospecies through comparison with a reference collection. Based on BALA project, the diversity and rarity of arthropods including endemics were analysed based on standardized sampling of soil and forest canopies Borges et al. It was concluded that based on the uniqueness of species composition and higher species richness, the conservation efforts should be focused on unmanaged Pico Alto region in the oldest island, S. Based on these results, the Azorean Government was advised to create a new protected area in Pico Alto, and the area has since become a designated protected area Consequently, after 10 years of combining accurate delimitation of species taxonomy Borges et al.

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We intend t o propose redlisting criteria appropriate for invertebrate taxa. Borges et al. However, after factoring out these major influences, there is strong correlation between endemic and introduced richness, suggesting that independently of the environmental and geographic factors that affect the distribution of native or introduced species, richest endemic assemblages are more prone to invasion due probably to a facilitation process. In addition, Cardoso et al. Expected effects of climate change on island species extinctions, new "natural" colonisations, new IAS Invasive Alien Species?

Several projects are currently running or about to start that will help to answer this question:. DRCT - M. Baz A. Ranking protected areas in the Azores using standardized sampling of soil epigean arthropods. Biodiversity and Conservation, Time, area and isolation: Factors driving the diversification of Azorean arthropods.

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Journal of Biogeography Invasibility and species richness of island endemic arthropods: a general model of endemic vs. Systematics and Biodiversity 6, Cardoso, P. Biodiversity and Conservation 16, Gaspar, C. Diversity and distribution of arthropods in native forests of the Azores archipelago. Life and marine Sciences, 25 : Gaston, K. Journal of Animal Ecology 75, Annual Review of Entomology 47, Hortal, J. Journal for Nature Conservation. Arechavaleta, P. Faria eds. Top Ribeiro, S.

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V, Gaspar, C. Canopy insect herbivores in the Azorean laurisilva forests: key host plant species in a highly generalist insect community. Ecography , 28 : Oxford, University Press, Oxford, pp. Convention de Berne. Tenerife Plus tard, ce sont les marais qui ont connu le drainage. Que teman y tiemblen ante vosotros todos los animales de la tierra, y todas la aves del cielo, y todo cuanto se mueve sobre la tierra: todos los peces del mar estan sujetos a vuestro poder.

Y todo lo que tiene movimiento y vida os servira de alimento:. Ce le bilan, toujours provisoire, de la protection de la nature sur le territoire insulaire. Affaire a suivre, bien sur! Joan Mayol. Septembre Tenerife de octubre de Observatorio Ambiental Granadilla. Esto ha ocurrido varias veces a lo largo de su dilatada historia y por diferentes motivos.

Tal como lo resume Margalef , la humanidad devora biodiversidad y oxida la biosfera. No nos gusta. No nos conviene. El hecho insular lo define el aislamiento. Whittaker et al. Baillie et al. Schlacher et al. Las islas en general —si exceptuamos a las continentales y muy grandes - suelen ejercer un particular atractivo en los humanos, y es habitual que se encuentren superpobladas.

No es un problema nuevo. Los europeos estamos en el buen camino. Este seminario es, sin duda, reflejo de ello. Figura 1. El mensaje insular. Desarrollar en Canarias es como jugar a la pelota en una tienda de porcelana. Alcover, J. The extent of extinctions of mammals on islands. Jo urnal of Biogeography , Baillie, J. A global sepecies assessment.

Marta Garcia Alonso

Carlquist, S. Island biology. Columbia University Press, New York. Dahl, A. Island Directory. UNEP, Nairobi pp.

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Devesa, M. Research indicates that the tree line of mountain birch has shifted upwards over the last few decades in Iceland. Ventosa, P. Ramos, M. Historia de la sexualidad. The boreal zone consists of coniferous forests coniferous forests are not natural for Iceland , while Denmark and the southernmost tip of Sweden lie in the nemoral zone, where deciduous forests naturally predominate.

Leakey, R. El futuro de la vida y de la humanidad. Libros para pensar la ciencia. Wagensberg, J. Barcelona: Tusquets Editores, pp. Machado, A. An index of naturalness. Journal for Nature Conservation , 12 2 : Margalef, R. Our Biosphere. Excellence in Ecology ed. Kinner, O. Oldendorf: Ecology Institute, pp. Are the IUCN standard home-range thresholds for species a good indicator to prioritise conservation urgency in small islands? A case study in the Canary Islands Spain.

Journal for Nature Conservation , La biodiversidad en datos Especies Silvestres de las islas Canarias. Menard, H. Scientific American Books, New York. Nunn, P. Oceanic islands. The natural environment ed. Goudic, A. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. Reid, W. Estrategia global para la biodiversidad. Sadler, J. Biodiversity on oceanic islands: a palaeoecological assessment.

Journal of Biogeography , 26 1 : Schlacher, T. A,, Chevillon, C. Marine Ecology Progress Series — Varios Island biodiversity. Sustaining life in vulnerable ecosystems. Veitch, C. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species. Whittaker, R. Island Biogeography. Ecology, evolution, and conservation. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

More than areas, which include islands, are included in the Swedish Natura network. More than red- listed threatened species have been identified as occurring in coastal and island habitats. Threats to island biodiversity in Sweden. Swedish island habitats, biotopes and cultural environments are often very small, fragmented, have a high preservation status for biodiversity and are very sensitive to many different pressures. Complex biological, climatic and geological factors, as well as human land use during thousands of years have contributed to the rich biodiversity of Swedish islands.

Exploitation pressure leads to habitat destruction. Exploitation for recreational use of land and water is a major pressure on island biodiversity. Construction of summer homes and tourist developments has contributed to destruction of many habitats, despite the Swedish laws which protect the shoreline from development. Islands within the archipelagos in the vicinity of Swedish cities, such as the Stockholm and Gothenburg archipelagos are especially affected.

The intense seasonal pressure of tourists and seasonal inhabitants on islands leads to erosion and interferes with fauna, especially hatching birds. Release of untreated sewage waste from recreational boats and summer homes contributes significant amounts of nutrients to the surrounding water. Waste disposal has become an acute problem on some islands. Exploitation of natural resources on and in the vicinity of islands affects island biodiversity both directly and indirectly. The fishing sector affects island biodiversity through overfishing and fishing practices such as trawling, which have profound effects on sea bottoms and affects the entire island nutrient web.

Changes in fish and zooplankton due to fishing and eutrophication directly affect birdlife. Competition for fish between the fishing sector and animals, such as seals and cormorants, has lead to direct controls in population levels of these species. Changes in ownership structure of islands and the shift of forestry practices to modern, large scale timber extraction is having profound effects on the biodiversity of small islands.

Aquaculture is at present not a large industry in Swedish water, but there is interest to increase this sector in coastal waters and lakes. Exploitation for energy and shipping. The development and construction of windfarms on islands, skerries and shallow banks is exerting an increasingly large pressure on island biodiversity.

The construction of underwater cable systems for energy and communication and constructions on land and water to support these cable systems, is a growing threat to island biodiversity through direct physical disturbance. Construction and maintaining these developments is also a vector for the introduction of invasive alien species, as boat transports and machinery used in these projects often come from other regions and are difficult to disinfect.

The physical structure also provides a new surface and biotope for alien and translocated species. Shipping lanes are in places quite narrow and the enormous size of ships, large numbers and close proximity to land cause significant coastal erosion, noise and visual pollution and greatly affect both terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity.

Introduction of invasive alien species. En definitiva, lo que hace es codificar y ordenar la relevancia de valores para una determinada comunidad. Muchos de estos aspectos influyen notablemente en la calidad de vida de los ciudadanos. Figura 1. El museo como unidad multiproducto y multiservicio. En la Figura 2 se esquematiza el funcionamiento de Impactrimonio.

Figura 2. Funcionamiento de Impactrimonio. Estos datos se guardan en la base de datos MySQL. Figura 3. El total de Ingresos propios asciende a Tabla 1. Estructura de ingresos y gastos de Ene. Por lo que respecta a la estructura de gastos, los egresos gastos totales por Operaciones corrientes Gastos de personal y Gastos corrientes en bienes y servicios ascienden a 1. En definitiva, viendo las partidas de ingresos y gastos recogidas en la Tabla 1 , puede concluirse que la fuente principal de ingresos de Ene.

Estos distintos tipos de efectos hacen referencia a los siguientes conceptos:. Efectos directos: Las inversiones y los gastos realizados por el museo o sus visitantes suponen un aumento directo de la demanda sobre las actividades que o bien son proveedoras el museo o bien son objeto directo de la demanda por parte de turistas y visitantes. La suma de los incrementos de demanda derivados de este proceso iterativo son los denominados efectos indirectos. El impacto total asociado a un aumento de la demanda con motivo de la existencia de un equipamiento cultura, en este caso Ene.

Los resultados que proporciona Impactrimonio de las estimaciones de los distintos tipos de efectos han sido sintetizados tal y como se muestran en la Figura 4. Figura 4. El efecto de los visitantes es bastante limitado. Como puede verse en la Figura 4 , la actividad del museo Ene. Este valor indica que por cada euro de presupuesto del museo se consiguen movilizar recursos por valor de 1,7 euros. En este caso, el impacto de Ene. Con todo, Ene.